DIRECTIVE 2014/30/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL
of 26 February 2014
On the harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility – EMC
The EMC Directive 2014/30/EU came into force on the 20th of April, 2016 and is aligned to the New Legislative Framework. The Directive ensures that all electrical and electronic equipment, placed on the EU market, complies with the specific levels of electromagnetic compatibility, in terms of emissions and immunity. This means that all electrical / electronic products placed on the market shall not generate or be affected by any electromagnetic disturbance.
The general requirements for all equipment are as follows. All electrical equipment, when designed, manufactured and placed on the EU market, must comply with the following criteria:
• The electromagnetic disturbance generated when specific equipment is utilised must not exceed the level allowing the normal functioning of radio or another type of equipment;
• The equipment has an adequate level of immunity to electromagnetic disturbance, and it can operate without unacceptable degradation of its intended use;
• The equipment shall be designed and manufactured with regards to the state of the art.
The new EMC Directive sets out new obligations to manufacturers of electrical equipment (apparatus or fixed installations) in regards to the necessary conformity procedures for placing a product on the EU market.
Compliance refers to the assessment phase where the manufacturer fulfils the following obligations:
• Manufacturing of the product according to the essential requirements of EMC Directive 2014/30/EU and the product’s technical file
• Affixing the CE mark on every individual product that complies with the EMC’s essential requirements (learn more about the CE mark itself).
• Creation of a Declaration of Conformity for certifying the CE compliance of the equipment (see an example of a Declaration of Conformity).